10 of the world's most beautiful new nature reserves
Earth is warming, populations are rising, flora and fauna are disappearing.
But there are glimmers of hope if you know where to look for them.
In recent years, an increasing number of forward-thinking governments in both developed and developing countries have cordoned off large swaths of the planet in the name of conservation, preserving new corners of our ephemeral world for future generations.
Pinnacles National Park (United States)
America’s newest national park was formed in January 2013 to preserve a mountainous area of central California renowned for its heavily eroded rock formations, the result of 23 million years of fire, ice and upset along an ancient volcanic field.
Some visitors come to stare in awe at the bizarre rock spires or beguiling wildflowers, which are pollinated by an astounding 400 species of bees.
Others scour the sky to spot the endangered California condor or dip into caves to view 13 species of bats (among them, the largest colony of Townsend’s big-eared bats this side of the Mexican border).
Whatever the motivation, Pinnacles National Park offers 32 miles of trails for visitors to get lost and explore.
Sable Island National Park Reserve (Canada)
Canada’s 43rd national park opened in July 2013 on a windswept isle 290 kilometers southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Sable Island, as it is known, is little more than a crescent-shaped sandbar marooned in the North Atlantic.
And while it may be home to just six permanent residents (who man a meteorology station), its mature dune system sustains more than 500 free-roaming Sable Island Horses, and its shores welcome upwards of 50,000 gray seals.
A breeding ground for marine life, Sable Island became a hub for something entirely different during the colonial period: wrecked ships.
This 42-kilometer-long strip was known as the “the Graveyard of the Atlantic” thanks to its frequent fog and virulent storms, which toppled ships traveling along the great circle route from North America to Europe.
The only ships carrying outsiders these days come from Adventure Canada, which launched the first public tours to this fabled island earlier this year.
Wakhan National Park (Afghanistan)
Afghanistan did not have a speck of protected land until 2009 when international conservation groups helped create Band-e Amir National Park in the Bamyan Province.
Now the ball is rolling.
Afghanistan opened a second (and much larger) national park in April of last year in The Wakhan, a sinewy corridor of rugged hills and alpine grasslands in the country’s northeastern corner where the Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains meet.
Wakhan National Park covers a vast area that’s 25% larger than Yellowstone National Park (or about 4,200 square miles).
The Afghan government set up the park — with the help of the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society — to protect not only the landscape and its population of rare snow leopards, but also the traditional way of life practiced by the Wakhi and Kyrgyz communities within its borders.
Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (United States)
The Pacific Remote Islands — twice the size of Texas — is the largest marine reserve in the world.
What’s southwest of Hawaii and twice the size of Texas? The largest marine reserve in the world.
Created by the Obama administration in September 2014, this staggeringly large marine park protects disparate patches of the Pacific Ocean that surround U.S.-controlled islands and atolls.
The newly protected area is said to hold a large number of undersea mountains (or seamounts) with thriving colonies of deepwater corals and vital habitat for tunas, turtles, manta rays, sharks, cetaceans and seabirds.
Mining, dumping and commercial fishing are all prohibited within the reserve, but recreational fishing and tourism are both allowed with a permit.
Pitcairn Islands Marine Reserve (British Overseas Territories)
The Pacific Remote Islands may house the largest collection of marine reserves in the world, but British officials outdid their American counterparts this March by creating the biggest continuous marine park around the (relatively) nearby Pitcairn Islands, a British Overseas Territory that encompasses Henderson, Oeno, Ducie and Pitcarin islands.
The so-called Pacific Zone covers 834,000 square meters, or more than twice the land area of the British Isles.
The goal of the marine reserve is to protect the wealth of the ocean from illegal fishing activities and safeguard endemic species like butterfly fish and squirrelfish, among others.
Most tourists visit the volcanic Pitcairn Island and its 56 residents aboard a cruise ship or the supply boat MV Claymore II, which has frequent sailings to and from Mangareva in French Polynesia (where you’ll find the closest airport).
El Impenetrable National Park (Argentina)
Behold the power of crowd funding, where a murdered rancher’s untouched estancia becomes a cause celebre and, 10.5 million pesos ($1.2 million) later, a new national park.
El Impenetrable Forest is a biologically rich swath of swampy jungle in northern Argentina that has survived the agricultural clear-cutting responsible for destroying forests all around it.
A wildly successful fundraising campaign prompted Argentina’s Congress to officially declare 300,000 acres as El Impenetrable National Park in October 2014, providing protection for endangered species like jaguars, giant armadillos and crowned solitary eagles.
Yet, it’s a bittersweet victory for conservation.
Argentina’s National Parks Administration has yet to exert its control over the land, and scientists warn that if the inaction continues, poachers will move in and irreparably destroy this virgin forest.
Hunsruck-Hochwald National Park (Germany)
Hunsrück-Hochwald: Europe’s newest national park.
Europe’s newest national park opened this March in Germany just 90 minutes southwest of Frankfurt Airport or 60 minutes east of Luxembourg Airport.
Nestled between the vineyards of the Mosel to the north and the rambling Rhine to the east, this 10,000-hectare reserve protects ancient beech trees, thriving moorland and rolling arnica and nardus grasslands.
It’s also an important habitat for black storks and home to one of the largest wild forest cat populations in Europe.
Visitors can enjoy the scenery on a well-marked network of hiking routes that includes the Saar-Hunsruck Climb, which German Hiking Institute ranked as the nation’s best long-distance trail.
Lusaka National Park (Zambia)
Most African parks lie in remote areas far from a major city, but the newly inaugurated Lusaka National Park sits just 30 kilometers southeast of the Zambian capital.
This 4,976-hectare reserve, which had a grand opening in May, offers a chance for those passing through Lusaka to easily get out into nature while enjoying ample facilities such as game-viewing platforms and an expansive tourist center.
The park is an important water catchment area for the Chalimbana river system and is now home to 22 different species of wild animals, including impala, nyala, kudu, zebra, giraffe and white rhino.
Zambia Wildlife Authority hopes to use the new reserve to breed animal stocks and repopulate under-stocked protected areas elsewhere in the country.
Kimberley National Park (Australia)
A two-million-hectare slice of Western Australia’s Kimberley region will soon become a national park after two major mining companies relinquished their tenements in March.
The new reserve will absorb the existing Prince Regent, Mitchell River and Lawley River national parks to become the biggest national park in Australia.
The once off-limits Mitchell Plateau is expected to be the jewel in the crown of Kimberley National Park, with significant biological diversity and spectacular gorges dotted with waterfalls.
Parks Australia will also protect the park’s coastal boundaries as a marine reserve, bringing the total protected area to nearly five million hectares.
Patagonia Park (Chile)
More than a decade in the making, Patagonia Park recently opened to the public as a “private park in progress” in the Aysen region of southern Chile.
This 660,000-acre reserve sits atop what was once overgrazed ranchland in the ecologically precious Chacabuco Valley, but is now on its way to becoming one of the largest new national parks of the 21st century, boasting reinvigorated populations of pumas, condors and endangered huemul deer.
Conservationists have heralded Patagonia Park as “the Yellowstone of South America” thanks to the meticulous work of Conservacion Patagonica to balance conservation, restoration and ecotourism.
This Austral summer was the first time the main lodge and restaurant were fully operational in anticipation of an official grand opening in early 2016, by which time Conservacion Patagonica expects the visitor center, a second campground and an array of additional trails to be ready and waiting for tourists from around the world.